US lifts Boeing 737 MAX flight ban after finishing safety probe of Indonesia and Ethiopia crashes
US lifts ban on Boeing 737 MAX flights
After nearly two years of extensive scrutiny, corporate turmoil and confrontation with global regulators, Boeing Co received FAA clearance on Wednesday to reopen its 737 MAX after two fatal crashes..
FAA has detailed what software updates and changes in the program learning and pilot training Boeing must contribute to resume commercial flights after the 737 MAX’s 20-month shutdown, the longest in commercial aviation history..
The 737 MAX crash in Indonesia and Ethiopia in 2018 and 2019 killed 346 people, sparking a barrage of criticism and the initiation of many investigations into the causes of disasters, which undermined the US leadership in world aviation and cost Boeing about $ 20 billion.
The bestselling aircraft of the American aircraft manufacturer will resume commercial flights but face serious challenges from the ongoing coronavirus pandemic, new trade tariffs in Europe and distrust of one of the most trusted brands in aviation..
The 737 MAX is an updated version of the jet aircraft first introduced in the 1960s. Narrow-body jets such as the MAX and its rival Airbus A320neo are the workhorses of many airlines that dominate the global fleet and provide the industry’s main source of profit..
American Airlines plans to resume MAX’s first commercial flight since the ban on December 29. Southwest Airlines, the world’s largest operator of MAX models, has no plans to launch aircraft until Q2 2021.
Leading regulators in Europe, Brazil and China are also required to issue their own approvals for their airlines after independent audits – this demonstrates how the 737 MAX crashes have upended the once dominant airline security system in the United States, in which countries large and small have moved for decades. keeping up with the FAA.
When the aircraft resumes flights, Boeing will set up a 24-hour headquarters to monitor all MAX flights for issues that could impact the aircraft’s return, from stuck landing gear to emergencies, three people familiar with the matter said..
FAA Administrator Steve Dixon (Steve Dickson) signed an order to lift the ban early Wednesday morning and the agency issued an airworthiness directive detailing the changes needed.
The FAA requires pilot retraining and software updates to deal with a stall prevention system called MCAS, which, in both accidents, repeatedly and severely knocked down the nose of the aircraft when pilots tried to regain control..
The FAA, which has previously faced accusations that it has favored Boeing too much in the past, said it will no longer allow Boeing to confirm the airworthiness of about 450 737 MAX aircraft built and parked during the ban. The agency plans to conduct body searches and checks, which may take a year or more, which will significantly extend the delivery time of the aircraft..
In the meantime, Boeing is struggling to maintain maintenance and find new buyers for many of the mothballed 737 MAX aircraft after receiving cancellations from their original buyers. Demand fell further due to coronavirus crisis.
Even with all the hurdles, the resumption of 737 MAX deliveries will open up important cash flow for Boeing and the hundreds of parts suppliers whose finances have been hit hard by the cut. production related to the ban on aircraft flights.
also in numerous reports from Boeing and the FAA have accused in serious mistakes made in the development of the aircraft. A September U.S. House of Representatives report says Boeing failed in MAX design and development and FAA failed in its oversight and certification.
US House of Congress also criticized Boeing for withholding sensitive information from the FAA, its clients and pilots, including «hiding the very existence of MCAS from the 737 MAX pilots».
Boeing continues to face lawsuits from the families of the victims.
The House of Representatives on Tuesday unanimously passed a bill to reform how the FAA certifies aircraft, and a Senate commission is to consider a similar bill soon.